IV. Book of Alma – Chapters 45-63
And when Alma had done this he departed out of the land of Zarahemla, as if to go into the land of Melek. (Why would Alma go to the land of Melek? Who or what was in the land of Melek? The people of Ammon or the converted Lamanites! Those that lived closest to the Lord…where Alma could find the greatest peace and rest from his labors.) And it came to pass that he was never heard of more; as to his death or burial we know not of. Alma 45:18
And it came to pass that as many as would not hearken to the words of Helaman and his brethren were gathered together against their brethren. Now the leader was a large and strong man; and his name was Amalickiah. And Amalickiah was desirous to be a king. Now when Moroni, heard of these dissensions, he was angry with Amalickiah. Therefore, at this time, Moroni prayed that the cause of the Christians and the freedom of the land might be favored. And when he had poured out his soul to God, he named all the land which was south of the land of Desolation, (The land Bountiful) yea, and in fine all the land, both on the north and on the south – A chosen land, and the land of liberty. Alma 46:1-17 (The land where the restoration of the gospel would take place.)
And it came to pass that when Amalickiah saw that the people of Moroni were more numerous than the Amalickiahites, and fearing that he should not gain the point, he took those of his people who would and departed into the land of Nephi. (They were coming out of Zarahemla.) Therefore Moroni took his army (Moroni’s army was in Zarahemla.) and marched out into the wilderness, to cut off the course of the Amalickiah in the wilderness. And he did according to his desires, and marched forth into the wilderness, and headed the armies of Amalickiah. And it came to pass that Amalickiah fled with a small number of his men, and the remainder were delivered up into the hands of Moroni and were taken back into the land of Zarahemla. Alma 46:29-33
Now Amalickiah and those who fled with him went up in the land of Nephi among the Lamanites, and did stir up the Lamanites to anger against the people of Nephi, insomuch that the king of the Lamanites sent a proclamation throughout all his land that they should gather themselves together again to go to battle against the Nephites, and he gave Amalickiah the command of that part of his army which was obedient unto his commands.
And it came to pass that Amalickiah marched with his armies (for he had gained his desires) to the land of Nephi to the city of Nephi, which was the chief city, and on the morrow he entered the city Nephi with his armies and took possession of the city.
And it came to pass that Amalickiah sought the favor of the queen, and took her unto him to wife; and thus by his fraud, and by the assistance of his cunning servants, he obtained the kingdom; yea, he was acknowledged king throughout all the land, among all the people of the Lamanites. Alma 47:1-35
And now it came to pass that, as soon as Amalickiah had obtained the kingdom he begin to inspire the hearts of the Lamanites against the people of Nephi, yea he sought also to reign over all the land, yea, and all the people who were in the land, the Nephites as well as the Lamanites.
And it came to pass that they took their camp, and moved forth toward the land of Zarahemla in the wilderness. Now, Moroni had been strengthening the armies of the Nephites, and erecting small forts round about their cities and the borders of their lands; yea all round about the land. Alma 48:1-8
And now it came to pass in the eleventh month of the ninetieth year, the armies of the Lamanites were seen approaching towards the land of Ammonihah. And behold, the city had been rebuilt, and the Lamanites were astonished exceedingly at their manner of preparation for war.
Now, if king Amalickiah had come down out of the land of Nephi, at the head of his army, perhaps he would have caused the Lamanites to have attacked the Nephites at the city of Ammonihah; for behold, he did care not for the blood of his people. And behold, his chief captains durst not attack the Nephites at the city of Ammonihah. Therefore they marched towards the land Noah, supposing that to be the next best place for them to come against the Nephites. Alma 49:1-12
And it came to pass, that when the Lamanites saw that their chief captains were all slain they fled into the wilderness. And it came to pass that they returned to the land of Nephi, to inform their king, Amalickiah, who was Nephite by birth, concerning their great loss. Alma 49:25
And it came to pass that Moroni caused that his armies should go forth into the east wilderness; yea, and they went forth and drove all the Lamanites who were in the east wilderness into their own lands, which were south (The Nephites had to go into the east wilderness in order to drive the Lamanites south to the land of Nephi? Is this why some had bent their course out of the land of Nephi?) of the land of Zarahemla.
And the land of Nephi did run in a straight course from the east sea to the west. (The west or the west sea?) And it came to pass that when Moroni had driven all the Lamanites out of the east wilderness, which was north of the land of their own possessions, (The east wilderness was north of Zarahemla? That would mean you had to go north, through the east wilderness and then south to the land of Nephi. In other words, up out of Zarahemla and down into Nephi, and round about) he caused that the inhabitants who were in the land of Zarahemla and in the land round about should go forth into the east wilderness, even to the border by the seashore, (The west sea?) and possess the land.
And he also placed armies on the south, in the borders of their possessions, and caused them to erect fortifications that they might secure their armies and their people from the hands of their enemies. (So Moroni created two lines of defense against the Lamanites. One from the east, and one covering the west and south. Is this evidence of the two-front war?) And thus he cut off all the strongholds of the Lamanites in the east wilderness, yea, and also on the west fortifying the line between the Nephites and the Lamanites, between the land of Zarahemla and the land of Nephi, from the west sea, running by the head of the river Sidon (Where the River Sidon empties into the west sea.) – the Nephites possessing all the land northward, yea; even all the land which was northward of the land Bountiful, according to their pleasure.
Thus Moroni with his armies, which did increase daily because of the assurance of protection which his works did bring forth unto them, did seek to cut off the strength and the power of the Lamanites from off the land of their possessions, that they should have no power upon the lands of their possessions. (At least for now – 72 B.C.)
And it came to pass that the Nephites began the foundation of a city, and they called the name of the city Moroni; and it was by the east sea, and it was on the south by the line of the possessions of the Lamanites. (Why tell us about this city being built in the southeast corner of the land of the Nephites bordering on the land of the Lamanite, as part of the explanation of the fortifications made by Moroni? This must have been as a military fortification against a Lamanite attack from that quarter of the land. This was one of the two fronts the Nephites fought from 67 B.C. to 50 B.C. Heleman in one quarter of the land, the southwest, and Moroni in the southeast. Also interesting to note, Moroni was one of the cities mentioned that sank into the sea in 3 Nephi 8-9.)
And they also began a foundation for a city between the city of Moroni and the city of Aaron, joining the borders of Aaron and Moroni; and they called the name of the city, or the land, Nephihah. (So Moroni had the cities of Aaron, Nephihah, and Moroni all in the southeast on the borders of the Lamanites. A Nephite line of fortification in that quarter of the land.) And they also began in the same year to build many cities on the north, one in a particular manner which they called Lehi, which was in the north by the border of the seashore. And thus ended the twentieth year. Alma 50:7-16
And it came to pass in the commencement of the twenty and fourth year of the reign of the judges, there would also have been peace among the people of Nephi had it not been for contention which took place among them concerning the land of Lehi, and the land of Morianton, which joined upon the borders of Lehi; both of which were on the borders by the seashore. For behold, the people who possessed the land of Morianton did claim a part of the land of Lehi; therefore there began to be a warm contention between them, insomuch that the people of Morianton took up arms against their brethren, and they were determined by the sword to slay them.
But behold, the people who possessed the land of Lehi fled to the camp of Moroni, and appealed unto him for assistance; for behold they were not in the wrong. And it came to pass that when the people of Morianton, who were led by a man whose name was Morianton, found that the people of Lehi had fled to the camp of Moroni, they were exceedingly fearful least the army of Moroni should come upon them and destroy them. Therefore, Morianton put it unto their hearts that they should flee to the land which was northward, which was covered with large bodies of water, and take possession of the land which was northward. Alma 50:25-29 (North meaning north of the prior three cities. Perhaps the area of the Great Lakes?)
Now behold, the people who were in the land of Bountiful or rather Moroni, feared that they (Who are they? The people already in the north? Probably.) would hearken to the words of Morianton and unite with his people, and thus he would obtain possessions of those parts of the land, which would lay a foundation for serious consequences among the people of Nephi, yea, which consequences would lead to the overthrow of their liberty. (Why? They would have been trapped between the Lamanites and the people of Morianton.)
Therefore Moroni sent an army, with their camp to head the people of Morianton, to stop their flight into the land northward. And it came to pass that they did not head them until they had come to the borders of the land Desolation and there they did head them, by the narrow pass (The narrow pass was different than the narrow neck. Perhaps like the Cumberland Gap, Tenneesse in the Appalachian Mountains that was necessary for the early settlers to get into the western part of the United States.) which led by the sea into the land northward, yea, by the sea, on the west and on the east. Alma 50:32-33
And thus were the people of Morianton brought back. And upon their covenanting to keep the peace they were escorted to the land of Morianton, and a union took place between them and the people of Lehi; and they were also restored to their lands. Alma 50:36
For behold, Amalickiah had again stirred up the hearts of the people of the Lamanites against the people of the Nephites, and he was gathering together soldiers from all parts of his land, and behold, the Lamanites had come into the land of Moroni, which was in the borders by the seashore. And it came to pass that the Nephites were not sufficiently strong in the city of Moroni; therefore Amalickiah did drive them, slaying many; And it came to pass that Amalickiah took possession of the city, and those who fled out of the city of Moroni came to the city of Nephihah; and also the people of the city of Lehi gathered themselves together.
But it came to pass that Amalickiah would not suffer the Lamanites to go against the city of Nephihah to battle, but kept them down by the seashore, leaving men in every city to maintain and defend it. And thus he went on, taking possession of many cities, the city of Nephihah, and the city of Lehi, and the city of Morianton, and the city of Omner, and the city of Gid, and the city of Mulek, all of which were on the east borders by the seashore. Alma 51:22 (Why then did Amalickiah take these cities when just earlier in the verse it said: Amalickiah would not suffer the Lamanites to go against the city of Nephihah to battle, but kept them down by the seashore? Seems like the explanation for taking these cities was left out.)
And it came to pass that they marched to the borders of the land Bountiful, driving Nephites before them and slaying many. But it came to pass they were met by Teancum, and he headed Amalickiah also, as he was marching forth with his numerous army that he might take possession of the land Bountiful, and also the land northward. But behold he met with a disappointment by being repulsed by Teancum and his men.
And it came to pass that Teancum and his men did pitch their tents in the borders of the land Bountiful and Amalickiah did pitch his tents in the borders on the beach by the seashore, (If the city Bountiful was in Missouri, how could Amalickiah pitch his tents on the shore by the sea? He wasn’t by the borders of the city Bountiful but by the borders of the land Bountiful, which extended south to the shore of the west sea: the Gulf of Mexico.) and after this manner were they driven.
And it came to pass that Teancum stole privily into the tent of the king, and put a javelin to his heart; and he did cause the death of the king immediately that he did not awake his servants. When the Lamanites awoke on the first morning of the first month, behold they found Amalickiah was dead in his own tent; and they also saw that Teancum was ready to give them battle on that day. Alma 51:28-35
And now, when the Lamanites saw this they were affrighted; and they abandoned their design in marching into the land northward, and retreated with all their army into the city of Mulek, and sought protection in their fortifications. And the brother of Amalickiah was appointed king over the people; and his name was Ammoron. Alma 52:1-3
And Moroni also sent orders unto him (Teancum) that he would retain all the prisoners who fell unto his hands; and he also sent orders unto him that he should fortify the land Bountiful, and secure the narrow pass which led into the land northward, least the Lamanites should obtain that point and should have power to harass them on every side. And Moroni also sent unto him, desiring him that he would be faithful in maintaining that quarter of the land, and that he would seek every opportunity to scourge the Lamanites in that quarter. And he also said unto him, I would come unto you, but behold, the Lamanites are upon us in the borders of the land by the west sea; and behold, I go against them, therefore I cannot come unto you.
Now, the king (Ammoron) had departed out of the land Zarahemla, (Why was king Ammoron in Zarahemla? When Amalickiah fled from Zarahemla his followers went with him. Amalickiah and a few got away, the rest were brought back and put under covenant or put to death. Ammoron was either not in the group that left, or he was with his brother and then caught and brought back to Zarahemla. Either way, he was in Zarahemla when he was named successor to Amalickiah.) and had made known unto the queen (who was in the land of Nephi) concerning the death of his brother, and had gathered together a large number of men, and had marched forth against the Nephites on the borders by the west sea. (Was it Ammoron and his army that Moroni mentions is preventing him from coming to Teancum aid? The conflict is described as on the borders of the land by the west sea in both verse 11 and 12 of Alma 52.)
And thus he was endeavoring to harass the Nephites, and to draw away a part of their forces to that part of the land, while he had commanded those who he had left to possess the cities which he had taken, that they should also harass the Nephites on the borders by the east sea, (The eastern quarter of the land.) and should take possession of their lands as much as it was in the power of their armies.
And thus were the Nephites in those dangerous circumstances in the ending of the twenty and sixth year of the reign of the judges over the people of Nephi. But behold, it came to pass in the twenty and seventh year of the reign of the judges, that Teancum, by the command of Moroni-who had established armies to protect the south and the west borders of the land, and had begun his march towards the land Bountiful, that he might assist Teancum with his men in retaking the cities which they had lost-
And it came to pass that Teancum had received orders to make an attack upon the city of Mulek, and retake it if possible. (This was north and east of the land Zarahemla.) And it came to pass that Teancum made preparations to make an attack upon the city of Mulek, but he saw that it was impossible that he could overpower them while they were in their fortifications; therefore he abandoned his designs and returned again to the city Bountiful, to wait for the coming of Moroni.
And it came to pass that Moroni did arrive with his army at the land of Bountiful, in the latter end of the twenty and seventh year.
And it came to pass they sent embassies to the army of the Lamanites, which protected the city of Mulek, to their leader, whose name was Jacob, desiring him that he would come out with his armies to meet them upon the plains between the two cities. But behold, Jacob, who was a Zoramite, would not come out with his army to meet them upon the plains. Alma 52:8-20
Therefore he caused that Teancum should take a small number of men and march down near the seashore; and Moroni and his army, by night, marched in the wilderness, on the west of the city Mulek; and thus, on the morrow, when the guards of the Lamanites had discovered Teancum, they ran and told it unto Jacob, their leader.
And it came to pass that the armies of the Lamanites did march forth against Teancum, supposing by their numbers to overpower Teancum, because of the smallness of his numbers. And as Teancum saw the armies of the Lamanites coming out against him he began to retreat down by the seashore, northward.
And while Teancum was thus leading away the Lamanites, Moroni commanded that a part of his army who were with him should march forth into the city, and take possession of it. Alma 52:22-24
And thus Moroni had obtained possession of the city Mulek with a part of his army, while he marched with the remainder to meet the Lamanites when they should return from the pursuit of Teancum. And it came to pass that the Lamanites did pursue Teancum until they came near the city Bountiful, and then they were met by Lehi and a small army, which had been left to protect the city Bountiful.
And it came to pass that before the Lamanites had retreated far they were surrounded by the Nephites, by the men of Moroni on one hand, and the men of Lehi on the other. And they fought on both hands with exceeding fury; and there were many slain on both sides; yea, and Moroni was wounded and Jacob was killed. And those who would not deliver up their swords were taken and bound, and their weapons of war were taken from them, and they were compelled to march with their brethren forth into the land Bountiful. Alma 52:26-39
And Moroni went to the city of Mulek with Lehi, and took command of the city and gave it unto Lehi. And after the Lamanites had finished burying their dead and also the dead of the Nephites, they were marched back unto the land Bountiful; and Teancum, by orders of Moroni, caused that they should commence laboring in digging a ditch round about the land, or the city, Bountiful.
And it came to pass that the armies of the Lamanites, on the west sea, south, while in the absence of Moroni on account of some intrigue amongst the Nephites, which caused dissensions amongst them, had gained some ground over the Nephites, yea, insomuch that they had obtained possession of a number of their cities in that part of the land.
And now it came to pass that Helaman did march at the head of his two thousand stripling soldiers, to the support of the people in the borders of the land on the south by the west sea. Alma 53:2-22
And it came to pass in the commencement of the thirtieth year of the reign of the judges, Moroni received an epistle from Helaman, stating the affairs of the people in that quarter of the land. And these were the words he wrote, saying: I Helaman, did march at the head of these two thousand young men to the city of Judea, to assist Antipus, who ye had appointed a leader over the people of that part of the land.
And now these are the cities of which the Lamanites have obtained possession by the shedding of the blood of so many of our valiant men: The land of Manti, or the city of Manti, and the city of Zeezrom, and the city of Cumeni, and the city of Antiparah. Alma 56:1-13
And it came to pass that we kept spies out round about to watch the movements of the Lamanites, that they might not pass us by night nor by day to make an attack upon our other cities which were on the northward. They durst not pass by us with their whole army, neither durst they with a part, least they should not be sufficiently strong and they should fall. Neither durst they march down against the city of Zarahemla; neither durst the cross the head of Sidon, (To cross the head of Sidon means to sail across the west sea to the east side where the city of Nephihah was located.) over to the city of Nephihah. And thus, with their forces, they were determined to maintain those cities which they had taken. Alma 56:22-26
Now when we saw that the Lamanites began to grow uneasy on this wise, we were desirous to bring a stratagem into effect upon them; therefore Antipus ordered that I should march forth with my little sons to a neighboring city, as if we were carrying provisions to a neighboring city. And we were to march near the city of Antiparah, as if we were going to the city beyond, in the borders by the seashore.
And it came to pass that we did march forth, as if with our provisions, to go to that city.
And it came to pass that Antipus did march forth with a part of his army, leaving the remainder to maintain the city. But he did not march forth until I had gone forth with my little army, and came near the city Antiparah.
And now, in the city Antiparah were stationed the strongest army of the Lamanites, yea; the most numerous.
And it came to pass that when they had been informed by their spies, they came forth with their army and marched against us. And it came to pass that we did flee before them, northward. And thus we did lead away the most powerful army of the Lamanites; (And after the defeat of the Lamanites army)…and the remainder (that part of the men of Antipus) I took and joined them to my stripling Ammonites, and took our march back to the city of Judea. Alma 56:30-57
And it came to pass, not many days had passed away, we had accomplished our designs in obtaining the city Cumeni. And now behold, it was these my sons who did beat the Lamanites; therefore they were driven back to the city of Manti, and we retained our city Cumeni, and were not all destroyed. Alma 57:12-23
And behold, now it came to pass that our next object was to obtain the city of Manti. And thus we did go forth with all our might against the Lamanites, who were in the city of Manti; and we did pitch our tents by the wilderness side, which was near to the city. Behold, I caused that Gid, with a small number of men, should secrete himself in the wilderness, and also that Teomner and a small number of men should secrete themselves also in the wilderness.
And it came to pass that the Lamanites did come out with their army and I caused that my men, should retreat into the wilderness. The Lamanites did follow after us with great speed, therefore they did follow us into the wilderness. And it came to pass that when the army had passed by, Gid and Teomner did cut off the spies of the Lamanites that they should not return to the city. And it came to pass that when they had cut them off, they ran to the city and fell upon the guards who were left to guard the city, insomuch that they did destroy them and did take possession of the city.
And it came to pass that we took our course, after having traveled much in the wilderness towards the land of Zarahemla. And when the Lamanites saw that they were marching towards the land of Zarahemla, they were exceedingly afraid, lest there was a plan laid to lead them on to destruction; therefore they began to retreat into the wilderness again, yea even back by the same way which they had come. Now it came to pass that when it was night, I caused that my men should not sleep, but that they should march forward by another way towards the land of Manti. And because of this our march in the night-time, behold on the morrow we were beyond the Lamanites, insomuch that we did arrive before them at the city of Manti. And it came to pass that by this stratagem we did take possession of the city of Manti without the shedding of blood. Yea, and it came to pass that the armies of the Lamanites did flee out of all this quarter of the land.
Behold, this is the twenty and ninth year, in the latter end, and we are in the possession of our land; and the Lamanites have fled to the land of Nephi. Alma 58:1- 38
And it came to pass that the people of Nephihah, who were gathered together from the city of Moroni and the city Lehi and the city of Morianton, were attacked by the Lamanites. Yea, even those who had been compelled to flee from the land of Manti, and from the land round about, had come over and joined the Lamanites in this part of the land. Alma 59:5 (The Lamanites were now in a different quarter of the land.)
And it came to pass that Moroni and Pahoran, leaving a large body of men in the land of Zarahemla, took their march with a large body of men towards the land of Nephihah, being determined to overthrow the Lamanites in that city. And it came to pass that when they had come to the city of Nephihah, they did pitch their tents in the plains of Nephihah, which was near the city of Nephihah. And when the night came, they were all asleep. And now Moroni returned and caused that his men should march forth and come upon the city, yea even on the west. And now, when the Lamanites awoke and saw the armies of Moroni were within the walls, they were affrighted exceedingly, insomuch that they did flee out by the pass. And the remainder of them fled into the land of Moroni, which was in the borders by the seashore. Alma 62:14-25
Now it came to pass that Moroni, after he had obtained possession of the city of Nephihah, went forth from the land of Nephihah to the land of Lehi. And it came to pass that Moroni and his army did pursue them from city to city and the Lamanites fled from Lehi and Teancum, even down upon the borders by the seashore, until they came to the land of Moroni. And it came to pass that Moroni and Lehi and Teancum did encamp with their armies round about in the border of the land of Moroni, insomuch that the Lamanites were encircled about in the borders by the wilderness on the south, and in the borders by the wilderness on the east.
Now it came to pass that Moroni marched forth on the morrow, and came upon the Lamanites, insomuch that they did slay them with a great slaughter; and they did drive them out of the land. And thus ended the thirty and first year of the reign of the judges over the people of Nephi; and thus they had had wars, and bloodsheds, and famine, and affliction, for the space of many years. And it came to pass that after Moroni had fortified those parts of the land which were most exposed to the Lamanites, until they were sufficiently strong, he returned to the city of Zarahemla. And Moroni yielded up the command of his armies into the hands of his son, whose name was Moronihah Alma 62:30-43
And it came to pass that in the thirty and seventh year of the reign of the judges, there was a large company of men, even to the amount of five thousand and four hundred men, with their wives and children, departed out of the land of Zarahemla into the land which was northward. (They were probably Nephites who were sick and tired of the war-torn land of the Nephites and wanted to start a new life without strife. Either that or they wanted to get out of the hot, sticky climate.)
And it came to pass that Hagoth, he being an exceedingly curious man, therefore he went forth and built him an exceedingly large ship, in the borders of the land Bountiful, by the land Desolation, and launched it forth into the west sea, by the narrow neck which led into the land northward. And behold, there were many of the Nephites who did enter therein and did sail forth with much provisions, (These provisions could have been building materials. Lumber was scarce up north.) and also many women and children; and they took their course northward. And thus ended the thirty and seventh year.
And in the thirty and eighth year, this man built other ships. And the first ship did also return, and many more people did enter into it; and they also took much provisions, and set out again to the land northward.
And it came to pass that in this year there were many people who went forth in the land northward. Alma 63:4-7
And it came to pass in the thirty and ninth year of the reign of the judges, Shiblon died also, and Corianton had gone forth to the land northward in a ship, to carry forth provisions unto the people who had gone forth into that land. Alma 63:10